Difference between Food Court and Hawker Centre
In Penang State, most street vendors were also moved to fixed locations as hygiene and traffic problems increased. Some temporary or mobile devices remain, but licenses for them can only be renewed without offering new licenses for the mobile Hawking.  Moving to fixed locations is often unpopular with street vendors who fear losing customers and higher fees.  The labour shortage in the 1980s and 1990s meant that many street vendor centres were occupied by foreigners. In 2014, after it was reported that 119 foreign chefs had been identified in 68 street vendor centers, a law banning foreign chefs was proposed and received support, which was finally passed in 2016. This has been claimed as a step towards protecting Penang`s heritage, and 13 courts have been declared cultural heritage by the government; 10 were of Chinese origin, 2 of Tamil origin and 1 of Malay origin. Foreigners could still work as assistants or as chefs in restaurants.  Most of the stalls of the hawker centers are rebuilt by strict regulations and management of the former Dai Pai Dong; The Hong Kong government saw the provision of cooking centers as a way to remove traditional Dai Pai Dongs from local streets in the 1970s. During the industrial boom of the 1960s and 1970s, the government also built markets for cooked food in industrial zones to meet the gastronomic needs of the working class in major industrial centers such as Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan and Fo Tan. If the dishes only cost between 2 and 6 Singapore dollars, hiring a local food guide to show you the best restaurants and give you an overview of the location of the best centers and where you`re likely to get the best food is really not a big extra effort. Stalls in cooked food centers usually offer local cuisine, with those selling exotic specialties being a minority. The chefs who work in street outlets are mostly elderly people who question the sustainability of the business.
Hawking is considered, even by many street vendors, as a low status and low salary.  The COVID-19 pandemic has brought with it other challenges.  The Penang government has promised to restore the Gurney Drive Hawker Centre, considered the best known and previously dependent on domestic and international tourists.  Total activity in Penang hawker centres decreased by 50% due to limited opening hours under national regulations.  Today, Singapore has transformed some hawker centers into a food court atmosphere and moved them to air-conditioned shopping malls, a smart move given Singapore`s extremely hot and humid climate. Overall, the concept of hawker centers and night markets is basically the same. They serve as central centers where locals can enjoy cheap local food, offering tourists the chance to experience some of the best dishes the country is known for. What are the best food courts to try? I will stay in Little India.
– Remember your table number as some dishes take some time to cook. – You can get food to take away, but still eat on the stools and enjoy the atmosphere of the street vendors` market. It also reduces waste. – Often, Singaporean sellers call “aunt” or “uncle”. – It is normal to leave your plate on the table once you are done. – It is more than acceptable to buy several dishes from different vendors at the same food court and mix and combine different dishes. – If you see a line, connect it, it is usually a good dish that is worth the wait. Usually, every time I go to Singapore, I have all my meals planned for each day, and I still don`t have the time or space to accommodate everything. So I hope that this guide will be useful to you and that you can choose and try everything you want.
Have a wonderful trip to food heaven! Another interesting development is terminology; For many people, the terms “hawking centre” and “food court” have become interchangeable. Although food courts refer to food destinations located indoors, such as shopping malls, many people in Ipoh today use “food court” when they speak of a strictly defined “peddler center.” There is a vibrant and vibrant tradition of street food and hawker markets in Singapore. Singapore is probably the most famous country and the best known for its peddler centers. Singapore has also helped improve the overall image of hawker centres, as they were once known for their unlicensed street vendors selling unhygienic food. In the past, many hawker centers were not properly managed and had problems with lack of running water or lack of proper cleaning facilities. Singapore`s hawker centres are owned by three government agencies, namely the National Environment Agency (NEA) under the Ministry of Sustainability and Environment (), the Housing and Development Board (HDB) and the JTC Corporation. All centres owned by HDB and NEA are in turn regulated by NEA, with individual city councils managing HDB`s own centres. The centers belonging to JTC are self-managed.  – Bring a pack of tissues that will allow you to claim your place while waiting for your food. – All food court street vendors have hygiene ratings (standard A, B, C), so be sure to learn to recognize the rating system and avoid that everything has been marked with a low rating. – Hawker Centres are cash only, so be sure to visit the ATM before you arrive.
You pay for your food as soon as you have ordered. Starting in 2016, two Singaporean food stalls, both located in hawkers` centers, became the first street food vendors to receive a Michelin star for their outstanding culinary performance. The two stands are Hong Kong Soya Sauce Chicken Rice and Noodle and Hill Street Tai Hwa Pork Noodle.   In 2019, more than 40 peddlers` stands in Singapore received the Michelin star and the Bib Gourmand. The Food Paradise at Funan Centre opened in January 1985, followed by a picnic at the Scotts Shopping Centre on Scotts Road at the end of the year.6 Picnic became popular and was the first to be called a “food court”.7 Its design was modeled on the American food court trend launched in the 1970s by mall developer James Rouse.8 The concept of the food court of restoration prevailed in Singapore. and soon other food courts were set up in many different locations on the island, including shopping malls, subdivisions and industrial parks.9Some food court operators also began to set up food courts with unique themes to provide their guests with a more varied dining experience. The operator of the Kopitiam food court, for example, set up a jungle-themed food court in the Plaza Singapura shopping mall along Orchard Road in 1998.10 food courts serving halal food also began opening the first fully halal food court, the Halal Food Court Banquet, at Jurong Point Mall in 1999.11 There were also Japanese food courts, serving only Japanese cuisine.12In addition to themed decors, larger food courts also offered branches of well-known hawker stalls and miniature versions of popular restaurants on their premises. Modern amenities such as free Wi-Fi have been offered in some food courts to attract guests.13 DescriptionA food court is managed by an operator who rents space to the owner of the property. The operator designs and renovates the premises to accommodate individual stands, tables and chairs, and then rents these stands to vendors. In addition to air conditioning, food court operators provide vendors with cutlery, help from cleaning staff, and sometimes even uniforms to give each food court a neat and standardized appearance.